Obviously, fuel cells fit nicely in this sort of scenario (if you have a convenient gas pipeline) since they are very clean, quiet, modular and generate heat as a waste product.
A NZ chemist's thoughts on energy science, politics and technology markets.
Group chairman Michael Pratt hoped the day would produce a vision for the future, strategies to meet global challenges and a research-and-development agenda.Wow, that's a busy day Pratt. If only the rest of the country had thought to sit down for a whole day to nut this one out.
It will seek feedback on a draft strategy at the meeting and will follow it up with regional workshops throughout the country next year.Talk, talk, talk... if you want to actually do something, commit some money and *gasp* possibly make some mistakes, learn something, develop new products...
the Manufacturing Vision Group - hope the workshop will give greater voice to a sector often treated as a poor cousin.I don't think $20 billion pa counts as poor. See the first paragraph and try thinking for a change. Yeah i know it's hard, it gets easier with practice.
"We're talking about major upgrades in Palmerston North, Invermay (near Dunedin) and Lincoln."I notice he has to remind people where Invermay is - must be a magnet for attracting researchers. Not that palmy or lincoln are exactly high-octane hotbeds (although, all the CRI's seem to be congregating towards there, its almost as if we're re-centralising our de-centralised research operations...).
"We're just getting overcrowded," he said. "We've got lots of staff down at Lincoln working in porta-cabins."just makes you shudder all the way down to the bone.
|You Passed 8th Grade Science|
Congratulations, you got 8/8 correct!
As part of the global restructuring program, the Company expects to eliminate approximately 7,000 positions in manufacturing and other divisions worldwide, representing about 11% of its global work force ...[snip]... also expects to close one basic research site and two preclinical development sites.Funny how these PR's always say how they are positioning the company for 'now and in the future', they never say 'gee, stellar management bonuses in the 90's didn't incentivise decisions to make sure our company was still around in 20 years, boy, did we fuck up'.
How Stuff Works
Fuel Cell companies often have a 'how does it work' page, although they are of varying quality - Ballard, Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd, Siemens to name just a couple.
Fuel Cell Today
The best mid-level (for tecchy's) overview of FC technology is the Fuel Cell handbook. This publication is produced by the US National Energy Technology Lab (a division of the DOE) with the intention of aiding the community as a byproduct of keeping up to date with developments. It's an excellent resource and they should be commended for distributing it free of charge.Fuel Cell Handbook 7th edition Nobember 2004
World class R&D innovation opportunities in Melbourne
Looking for that ‘once in a lifetime’ career opportunity? Are you one of the best in your field? Excited by the chance to be involved in a start up innovation facility? If so, Fonterra’s new innovation centre in Melbourne offers some outstanding opportunities.
Our new innovation centre in Melbourne will pioneer new applications for dairy in consumer products. The first of its kind in Australia, the Melbourne facility will focus on developing innovative, market leading products that meet consumer’s demand for health and nutrition, convenience and indulgence. It will further position Fonterra and Australasia at the forefront of global dairy research and development.
We have a number of new positions that will be pivotal to our success. Recruitment for new positions will be phased – the initial positions we seek to fill include:
· Technical Managers
· Scientists and Engineers
· Manager, Project Management Team
· Manager - Business Development Projects
· HR Consultant
· Executive Secretary
· Team Leader, Commercial Analysts
If you’re an innovative, energetic, talented individual who is excited by the prospect of being involved in the establishment of a new world class innovation centre, we invite you to come and take part in this exciting development
John Dunford, general secretary of the Secondary Heads Association, says: "There hasn't ever been a case of the internet providers or a site being taken to court to challenge this.
"I think that the internet providers should put a stop to it because it's amoral. It would be very good practice on the part of the internet providers to support schools in banning it." He adds that legislation to outlaw the selling of coursework online "should be investigated".
a·mor·al () Pronunciation Key (-môrl, -mr-)Yes, John, I agree that the internet is amoral, i applaud your openmindedness and suggest that now the answer sheet has been cribbed from your crappy lessons, you and all your lazy-ass teach-to-the-exam teacher ilk get off your arse and design better ways of making sure your students are learning the material (your quote implies that you're barely literate yourself, a testiment to the last 2 decades of the extremely low entry grades needed for teaching college). Here's a couple of suggestions:
- Not admitting of moral distinctions or judgments; neither moral nor immoral.
- Lacking moral sensibility; not caring about right and wrong.
Behe's claim that there are some biological systems that cannot be explained by any unintelligent natural process is clearly one that is open to scientific refutation and many scientists have engaged with him on those terms. I can see no reason this debate cannot be raised in senior biology classes in schools.The only reasoned response to this request is "get bent, we don't teach astrology, psychic powers, homeopathy or ougee board readings in science class to teach controvesies, i teach the best theories that science has to offer".
Contacted by phone, he sounds like a softly spoken scientist interested only in open scientific debate and frustrated that leading evolutionists are not prepared to debate him in open forums. "We are not close-minded," he says. "We welcome debate and robust questioning. That is all we ask."Which, to put it mildly is a great big pile of crap. There is no 'debate' because the debate happened decades ago i.e. age of the earth, how did your eye form, why does blood clotting take 7 different proteins... yadayadayada - check out talkorigins or the panda's thumb if you wish to see why scientists don't 'debate' these things anymore.
The scale of the world's increasing demand for energy needs many solutionsYet as far as i can tell, he doesn't mention any other than:
Yes, coal research funding is in the billions, and rightly so because it is a dirty, disgusting way to generate electricity. Technology breakthrough? what technology breakthrough? after billions of dollars, there are NO clean coal technologies - there are cleaner coal technologies but electricity companies will follow the letter of the law (and where possible lobby for more lenient ones), they won't invest in clean air unless forced to.
Cleaning up coal-fired power is the focus of billions of dollars of research funding around the world. Technology breakthroughs will enable Australia to use its 500 years' supply of coal guilt-free. Even renewable energy is likely to cost less than nuclear power in the long term.
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Volume 67, Issue 16 , November 2005, Pages 1573-1579
Regional sun–climate interactionA. Kilcik,
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Akdeniz University, 07058 Antalya, Turkey
It is a clear fact that the Earth's climate has been changing since the pre-industrial era, especially during the last three decades. This change is generally attributed to three main factors: greenhouse gases (GHGs), aerosols, and solar activity changes. However, these factors are not all-independent. Furthermore, contributions of the above-mentioned factors are still disputed.
We sought whether a parallelism between the solar activity variations and the changes in the Earth's climate can be established. For this, we compared the solar irradiance model data reconstructed by J. Lean to surface air temperature variations of two countries: USA and Japan. Comparison was carried out in two categories: correlations and periodicities. We utilized data from a total of 60 stations, 18 in USA and 42 in Japan. USA data range from 1900 to 1995, while Japan data range from 1900 to 1990.
Our analyses yielded a 42 per cent correlation for USA and a 79 per cent for Japan between the temperature and solar irradiance. Moreover, both data sets showed similar periodicities. Hence, our results indicate marked influence of solar activity variations on the Earth's climate.
Means that 6% of the variation in temp in the USA (parameter weighting = sqrt(correlation co-efficient) is due to solar radiation and 9% in Japan. Sounds reasonable, you'd expect sunshine levels to have a heating effect and on the order of 5-10% doesn't sound too surprising.
And from the conclusion (my emphasis):
It's hard to tell (unless you are an actual atmospheric scientist which i'm not) whether this is earth shattering stuff or a PhD student writing his first paper (or more likely something in between). I'm sure those chaps over at IPCC have heard of solar cycles so i don't see how this could be surprising. End result? just another paper adding to the mix that may support GHG naysayers - i don't trust my own ability to judge the raw literature, why the hell would i assume Sir Humphrey's can?
We know that a great deal of effort has been put to determine the effects of solar variability on the Earth's climate, and that, to explain the effects of all relevant factors in climate change, one needs to consider a model on a scale of decades to centuries. For the time being, proposed models are not yet of sufficient accuracy to permit any verification (Rozelot, 2001). This study is more a “heuristic” guide to the determination of the principal factors controlling our climate system. We obtained different correlation coefficients between temperatures and solar irradiance depending on the region considered, although we obtained almost identical periodicities for all data sets. Despite the fact that we only used the three-step running average smoothing technique, we obtained a fairly high correlation. On the other hand, our results suggest that atmospheric aerosols have more dominant effect on the Earth's climate than GHGs. Moreover, the existence of similar periodicities for all data sets point out that periodicities in the solar activity manifest themselves in periodic variations on the Earth's surface temperature with almost identical periods. However, prominence of this influence is suppressed by increasing concentration of GHGs in the atmosphere.
Ok, the tech world is all over this, but it seems to me that some of my non-tech friends may not have caught this story. It's one of the more interesting blunders from the "we treat our customers like crap and then sue them" recording industry.Bad Sony, very very bad. I hope you get the crap sued out of you.
Sony BMG have released some CDs (in the US only they claim, but see later) that have "copy protection" built in. In fact, what happens is that you insert the CD and some software is installed onto your Windows (or Mac) machine that comprises a "rootkit" (software which inserts itself into the lowest levels of the OS and then hides, doing something naughty... often used my hackers). This software is designed to prevent copying the CD.
15 days ago, an industry recognized Windows internals guru investigated strange behaviour on his machine and reported on what he found.
The software provided no uninstall option, actively hid from deletion and if you worked around that and deleted the hidden files it broke Windows.
Sony then responded by lying about the product, saying it wasn't malicious and was not a security risk. Oh, and they released an "update" that removed the cloaking but left your computer vulnerable to any website on the net installing any software they wanted on your machine without permission or notice.
There are indications that they have breached other people's copyright in distributing their software. Oh, the irony.
The are police involved in some countries, investigating whether Sony have breached the law.
There's a Trojan (malicious program) that uses the Sony cloaking to hide.
People are using the cloaking to cheat in online games.
Sony then halt production of the CDs. Microsoft and other vendors announce that they will update their security software to treat the rootkit just like any other virus or spyware.
Class action lawsuits have been launched.
Sony say they will recall the CDs, and offer exchanges. But still, removing the software leave the aforementioned HUGE security hole.
And now, a reputable researcher probing machines on the net has estimated that at LEAST 500,000 machines are affected. Personally I think that's a little high, but still... He generated these maps: USA, Europe, Asia
The RIAA (recording industry group) warn that people shouldn't use peer-to-peer networks because you can get all kinds of nasty software from them....
Note this is only affects those who actually have (and presumably bought) a CD, NOT those that download the music. In other words it only affects their PAYING CUSTOMERS.
Yeah, they're winning customers back bigtime.
Yet intelligent design is based on a misunderstanding of God's relationship to creation.This sets up a convenient straw man for the professor to destroy and never state the real issue. Evolution does not need a God, never has, never will. If he's lurking around somewhere touching all with his noodly appendages we can't prove it or disprove it and hence can ignore it since it has no effect.
This presentation will describe and evaluate the challenges, both technical, political, and economic, involved with widespread adoption of renewable energy technologies. (my emphasis)What technical people forget is that electricity is bought and sold like any other widget (with all the market baggage that comes with that) and that there are huge obvious and non-obvious political agendas at work (an old saying in the electricity game is 'electrons flow according to the laws of physics, money flows according to the laws of politics).
TNow, i hope that clears everything up, back to the real science.